The most popular packaging of household appliances

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The packaging of household appliances in China the rapid development of household appliance enterprises since the reform and opening up, the living standards of our people have improved rapidly, and various household appliances that used to be regarded as luxury have gradually entered the homes of ordinary people. Relevant data show that China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of household appliances; At present, the social ownership of refrigerators has reached 120million, including 700million washing machines, 16million computers and 80million air conditioners. It is not new for a family to have twoorthree color refrigerators

China's large household appliance industry has formed an intensive production pattern. The color TV industry has formed 8 large enterprises including Sichuan Changhong, Shenzhen Konka and TCL; There are about 70 air conditioner manufacturers. The output of Zhuhai Gree Electric Appliance Co., Ltd., Guangdong Midea Group Co., Ltd., Haier Group, Chunlan Group and Shanghai sharp Electric Appliance Co., Ltd. accounts for more than half of the total output in China; KELON (Rongsheng), Haier, Xinfei and Meiling maintain absolute advantages in the refrigerator industry. The total output of the four enterprises accounts for 61.6% of the total output of the country; In the washing machine industry, cygnet, Haier, Rongshida, Weili, Jinsong, Jinling and Xiaoya account for 71.4% of the total output of the country, and are in a leading position in the industry

the export volume of China's household appliances increased steadily. Although affected by the international economic situation, the export growth rate will decline slightly, it remained between 15% and 20% in 2002, and the annual export volume exceeded 8billion US dollars. China has developed into a major producer and exporter of household appliances in the world. On the one hand, in recent years, a number of "star enterprises" with an annual export volume of more than US $150million have emerged in China, such as Haier, Xiamen cankun, Midea, Galanz, LG Electronics, Shanghai sharp and other enterprises. On the other hand, the export volume of microwave ovens, electric cookers and other products has reached more than half of its output. At present, the production of air conditioners in China has accounted for more than 60% of the market demand of small household indoor air conditioners in the world

electronic industry is the pillar and leading industry in China. Electronic products have become China's main export foreign exchange earning products, and the number of packaging boxes, pallets, cushions, etc. they need is also amazing. Therefore, how to improve product packaging design and improve packaging quality, especially how to replace EPS plastic and wooden pallets, has become a top priority

packaging of large household appliances products

all kinds of large household appliances are very similar in terms of packaging materials. Corrugated box is the most commonly used form of external packaging. Almost all large household appliances are widely used. Some of them use paper packaging, and wood packaging has disappeared in the packaging of large household appliances; EPS is still playing a leading role in the internal cushioning packaging, and non-woven fabric or foamed PE sheet is the most commonly used covering material. In the structural design, the carton structure is different according to the volume and characteristics of different products. The refrigerator is a large household appliance. As it cannot be tilted too much, the packaging of the refrigerator has given up the previous integrated packaging form and changed to a two-piece or three piece structure, namely, the bottom support, the cylindrical box and the top cover. The structure is convenient for taking out the refrigerator Paperboard structure includes both double corrugated paperboard and single corrugated paperboard. There is no unified requirement and use standard. As the load-bearing is mainly on the bottom of the box, the box packaging bears little force. Therefore, the split packaging structure can adopt different corrugated structures in different parts. Most of the more reasonable structures are: the tray at the bottom of the box adopts the double corrugated structure, while the box and the top cover adopt the single-layer corrugated cardboard. This can not only save material consumption, achieve the purpose of packaging weight reduction, but also ensure that the packaging plays its due protective role. Due to its relatively small size, TV sets are still based on the integrated carton structure. Double corrugated paperboard is mostly used. In addition, the appearance decoration of TV package is the most changeable among large household appliances

the packaging of large household appliances emphasizes the protection of products; The decorative requirements are not high. This is mainly in line with the sales mode of large household appliances: whether in shopping malls or supermarkets, large household appliances are sold by direct display without packaging. This is quite different from the way that candy, biscuits, canned food and so on rely on packaging to attract consumers' attention

packaging development trend of large household appliances

the future development direction of the packaging structure of large household appliances will be based on the split structure design, and different corrugated boards will be used in different parts to achieve the best protection and economy. In terms of supply mode, most large household appliance manufacturers have gradually changed the way of outsourcing packaging boxes. The acquisition or self establishment of professional carton manufacturers can reduce costs; It can also be produced flexibly to meet the needs of enterprises. At present, the general trend of automatic calculation of experimental parameters and output reports for large household appliance packaging in terms of materials is reducing weight and thickness, which is consistent with the global packaging development trend. Therefore, the realization of lightweight packaging materials benefits from two aspects: first, the improvement of the quality of packaging paper; Second, the modernization of transportation mode. In particular, the latter plays a crucial role. In recent years, palletized and containerized transportation has been widely used in the field of logistics in China. The widespread use of modern loading and unloading equipment such as forklifts has greatly reduced rough loading and unloading. As a symbol of modern logistics, pallet has also become an important part of enterprise packaging, although it is not directly delivered to consumers

environmental protection is also a development trend. In terms of buffer packaging, China still uses EPS in large quantities, which does not meet the requirements of environmental protection, especially in the packaging of export commodities, which may lead to serious consequences. Taking color TV sets as an example, China needs to consume about 30000 tons of EPS foamed plastic every year. Converted to a volume of about 1.2 million cubic meters, it can be imagined that the entire household appliance industry consumes an amazing amount of EPS, which is the technical standard of China's automobile enterprises

what are the functional characteristics of the new environmental friendly paper casting aluminum alloy hydraulic universal testing machine, such as pulp molding and honeycomb paperboard, which are actively promoted and applied in China's household electrical appliances? Some achievements have been made in quality cushioning packaging materials, especially in small and light electronic information products such as mobile phones, fax machines, printers, electronic organs, etc., using pulp molded products instead of EPS as cushioning materials; Some exported electronic equipment and household appliances also use honeycomb paperboard instead of wood as pallets and packing boxes. However, there are also some problems in the promotion and application, and the use situation is not optimistic. The main reason is the problems of pulp molded products: poor resilience, structure design, mold design, manufacturing and processing capacity are far from meeting the needs of electronic information product packaging, especially large household appliances. Some advanced foreign products such as laser cutting multi-layer paper buffer products have not appeared in China. Although there are many kinds of new buffer products developed in China, most of them have some defects, which make it difficult to enter the actual factory production. How to find an ideal alternative material in cushioning packaging. It is still a very serious problem

transparent packaging becomes a new favorite

the characteristics of traditional carton packaging are: 1 Can't see the products inside; 2. improper handling during transportation may cause damage; 3. easy to deform after being affected with moisture; 4. waste packaging expenses; 5. inconvenient disposal of packaging materials; 6. the packaging materials used have a negative impact on the protection of the ecological environment

advantages of shrink film packaging: 1 The product can always be seen, which will reduce the damage during transportation; 2. use MSK's special packaging technology to reduce the cost of packaging materials; 3. greatly reduce the storage cost of packaging materials. As the main packaging materials become film rolls with little land occupation; K's shrink packaging process does not produce wrinkles, which not only makes the product look beautiful, but also makes barcode scanning no problem; 5. realize the complete automation of the final packaging process and save labor costs; MSK packaging equipment can automatically process products of various sizes; 6. all PE packaging films can be recycled, which is simple, fast, low-cost and meets the requirements of environmental protection

problems in the packaging of household electrical appliances

in terms of the structural design of the outer packaging, some packaging is not quite reasonable. In particular, the integrated carton is still widely used, which wastes materials and fails to achieve the best protection effect

in addition, household appliance manufacturers seldom consider what adjustments should be made to the packaging under different climatic conditions. For example, the moisture-proof requirements for packaging in the dry areas in the north and the rainy areas in the south are very different. At present, China's large household appliances are the same in the outer packaging, and have almost no moisture-proof and rain proof function. They are completely unchanged to cope with changes, resulting in the softening of some packaging boxes due to moisture in the humid climate, and the protection performance is greatly reduced. This situation is more serious in the packaging of exported household appliances. In addition, in terms of paper used for packing cases, some enterprises unilaterally emphasize reducing costs, and the quality of paper can not be guaranteed. The carton can not reach its due strength, and the carton has been damaged when the household appliances reach the hands of consumers

wooden pallets are still in heavy use. Taking the packaging of picture tubes and color TV sets as an example, according to incomplete statistics, about 100000 cubic meters of wood (including the disposable wooden pallet for the glass shell of picture tubes) are consumed by one-time pallets every year. Although all kinds of plastic pallets, steel pallets and honeycomb cardboard pallets are used, they are not ideal. The former two are mainly influenced by price factors. The latter has poor overall production process and forming technology when making pallets, packaging boxes and other products, and the automation of the production line is low. In particular, the forming process is almost manual, which makes it difficult for honeycomb products to achieve standardization and serialization, thus affecting the operation of the whole machine on the assembly line

honeycomb paperboard and pulp molded products also have poor waterproof and moisture resistance. After long-term transportation, especially under high tide and humidity conditions, the strength of the damped packaging boxes and pallets is weakened and can not withstand impact and swing, resulting in damage. (by yebozhang and ZhouJie)

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