On the policy factors in the development of energy

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On the policy factors in the development of energy economy Comrade Mao Zedong once said, "policies and strategies are the life of the party." This shows the importance of policy. For economic construction and development, policies and strategies not only determine the way of economic development, but also determine the speed and quality of economic development. It can be said that no economic development is not constrained and affected by policy factors. Policy factors not only accelerate or decelerate economic development, but also guide the development of different industries of the national economy. As an important part of the national economy, China's energy economy will be extended to other economic fields when it is affected by policy factors due to its basic status. In addition, due to China's unbalanced economic development, large differences in resource distribution, huge investment in energy economy, wide coverage, and good or bad operation, it will directly have a significant impact on the country's economic stability and popular sentiment. Therefore, only by fully understanding the comprehensive effectiveness of the policy factors in the following aspects, can we add wings to the rapid, healthy and sustainable development of China's economy

I. industrial economic policy factors

industrial policy is a microeconomic policy formulated by a national or local government for a certain industry according to the overall requirements of national economic development and the development of different industrial sectors. For an industrial sector, the industrial policies in different development periods are different. For an industry that needs to use special or non renewable resources, industrial policy is an important means for the administrative departments of a country and region to regulate resources and implement sustainable development. Therefore, when formulating industrial policies, we must fully consider the special circumstances and characteristics of this particular industry:

1. market defects

theoretically, in a completely free market environment, a market price system that conforms to the relationship between supply and demand will form and realize the best allocation of resources. However, because the market itself has many defects, the actual situation is not as described in the theory, which is market failure. This is especially true for the energy economy. Example: oil resources, coal resources and other renewable energy resources, which constitute the main body of primary energy in the world today, have special current and long-term resource development costs. Therefore, the situation of market failure is more prominent

2. constraints of resource conditions

in the composition of primary energy resources in the world today, oil and coal are the most important forms of energy resources, which are not only non renewable energy resources, but also the problem of differential land rent. This is because, with the continuous exploitation of oil or coal, the buried depth will be greater and the area will be more remote. At the same time, the reserves will be opened. The following are some problems that need to be paid attention to in the process of using and changing the experimental machine: mining will continue to decrease, and the mining conditions will become worse and worse. In this way, the production cost will inevitably rise. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of mining conditions and the distance from the consumer market will lead to a large differential income. Therefore, the efficiency of resource allocation is obviously very low in an economic field where resources are scarce, the distribution is uneven and the regional conditions are very different

according to the research results of the annual report of world energy statistics published by BP from 1987 to 1992, it can be seen that the proven fossil fuel resources in the world are quite limited. According to the investigation at the end of 1991, oil is only enough to be exploited and used for 43 years; Natural gas can only be exploited for 59 years; Coal is relatively abundant and can only be mined for 239 years. Of course, with the passage of time, the progress of science and technology and the continuous expansion of human exploration of fossil fuel resources, the reserves will increase. However, even so, fossil fuel resources are still non renewable and very scarce resources for human society; China's fossil fuel resources, especially oil and natural gas resources, are not only limited, but also very scarce. The proved reserves can be exploited for 23 years at the rate of 91 years. Since 1995, China has been a country where Jinan experimental machine factory, a pure importer of petroleum, has provided a full set of professional engineering and technical services. Therefore, how to make full use of the existing energy resources and prepare for the long-term development in the future is an important topic for the development of China's energy economy

according to the data provided by the world energy commission's 1992 world energy resources survey, China's energy economic construction has been in a state of meeting energy demand for a long time. Therefore, the construction of China's energy economy is the coexistence of resource shortage and resource utilization. On the other hand, the extremely scarce energy resources are overexploited and used; On the other hand, once developed, the fatigue testing machine is mainly used to measure the fatigue performance of metals and their alloy materials under tensile, compressive or tensile and compressive alternating loads at room temperature, and other long-term development experimental instruments: the volatile efficiency, and even the development and utilization of water energy, a clean energy resource that will be used forever, is less than 10%. However, in the consumption of petroleum products in China, a considerable amount is used for power generation. It can be seen that how industrial economic policies can make full use of China's scarce energy resources is an important problem that we urgently need to study and solve

3. risk of decision-making

for a long time, China's energy economic construction has lagged behind the pace of national economic construction, especially at the end of the Seventh Five Year Plan and the beginning of the eighth five year plan, the national economy has experienced unprecedented high-speed growth. For a time, the whole country was facing a tense situation of power shortage, and there were scenes of switching off and limiting power everywhere. In order to meet the demand of national economic construction for electricity, all localities and departments have shown their magic powers and used various methods to run electricity. Since then, China's power construction has been full of smoke, and all kinds of power construction methods have rushed into mass action. This chaotic situation has increased the risk of decision-making. For example, Southwest China is rich in hydropower resources, which can be built into China's energy base. However, in addition to poor development conditions and transportation difficulties, the long construction cycle makes it difficult to meet the needs of the energy demand center, which is also the risk of decision-making. In the mid-1980s, China decided to spend a lot of money on the construction of Ertan Hydropower Station on the Yaming River, a tributary of the Jinsha River in Western Sichuan, to meet the demand for electricity in the process of Sichuan's national economic development. However, the construction of the power station has experienced nearly 15 years. During this period, great changes have taken place in the supply and demand relationship of Sichuan power market. Due to the continuous shortage of electricity, Sichuan has successively built several large-scale thermal power stations in eastern Sichuan since 90 years ago. As a result, as soon as Ertan Power Station was put into operation, it faced the embarrassing situation of Sichuan electric power surplus. In the end, we have to abandon a large amount of water and suffer a loss of nearly 2billion yuan per year. Of course, Ertan

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